Qualifications of heirs

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Sharing assets after the death of a family member is always a complex and delicate process. It often creates conflicts and misunderstandings that eventually guide relations between relatives. It is in this sense that it is important to resort to the qualification of heirs, a relatively simple procedure that establishes the heirs and ensures that the inherited assets are registered in their name.

Not being mandatory, it is quite advisable, since in addition to resolving possible quezílias, it also ensures compliance with tax obligations  and allows the movement of bank accounts of the person who died.

It is up to the head of couple, which corresponds to the conjugue or the eldest son, aresolution of bureaucracy with the qualification of heirs. This is because the delegated person must answer for the inheritance until it is shared by the heirs, that is, when it is still an undivided inheritance.


The qualification of heirs is nothing more than a document that identifies the heirs, to ensure that there are no other people who can enter the inheritance. It can be made in the places of care itself, in this case notaries and notaries, as well as in the Death Space, a counter where you can deal with matters related to the death of a family member.

There are three types of qualification of heirs, which we went on to explain:

  1. Qualification of simple heirs: recognizes the heirs of the deceased and determines that there is no one else who has or can claim to be entitled to the inheritance;
  2. Qualification of heirs with records: identifies the heirs but also records the assets that make up the undivided inheritance;
  3. Qualification of heirs with registration and sharing: in this modality, the identification of the heirs is also made and the registration of the assets is made, but the inheritance is shared. In other words, the assets are distributed so that each heir receives the share to which he is entitled by law.


Note that it is important to make it clear that a qualification of heirs does not replace a will, in the case of two completely different things: the first is based on mutual agreement between family members, who must agree to the distribution of goods;  the second expresses one's willingness for their goods to be distributed in a certain way.


Source: imovirtual